The abdomen is an organ of the digestive system, situated in the stomach slightly below the ribs. Swallowed food is blended with gastric juices containing enzymes and hydrochloric acid. The lining of the abdomen referred to as the epithelium is layered with multiple folds. The epithelium is coated with mucus (gastric mucosa) secreted by particular glands. Irritation brought on by gastritis happens on this lining.
Gastritis happens when a bacterium, Helicobacter pylori, or the chronic use of medication or sure drugs weakens the protective mucous coating of the stomach and duodenum, allowing acid to get by way of to the delicate lining beneath. Helicobacter pylori bacterium can also be answerable for most peptic ulcers.
Nevertheless, gastritis is not only one illness however a gaggle of situations, all of which consequence within the irritation of the stomach lining. Irritation of the abdomen means that white blood cells move into the wall of the abdomen as a response to an injury to the stomach.
Generally, the irritation results from an infection with the identical bacterium that causes most abdomen ulcers. Yet different elements corresponding to traumatic injury and common use of sure ache relievers can also contribute to gastritis.
Gastritis could also be caused by many factors together with infection, alcohol, specific medications and a few allergic and immune conditions. It can be both acute, with severe assaults lasting a day or two, or persistent, with long term urge for food loss or nausea. In lots of cases, gastritis has no symptoms (asymptomatic)